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The HydraForce HTD Hydraulic Torque Divider
Hydrostatic propel systems have their advantages: power density, flexibility, variability. They also have their drawbacks: heat buildup, fluid viscosity, contamination. Every drive application has to balance the good and the bad, but this law is immutable: good tractive effort cannot exceed the friction between the wheel and the surface.
Flow in parallel circuits favors the motor with the lowest pressure drop. Pressure compensated flow dividers can overcome this problem, but these restrictive devices rob power from the system and heat up the fluid. Series circuits equalize flow to all motors, but loads are not maintained equally. Uneven loading is a problem that leads to excessive wear and premature failure. Neither circuit type allows motor speed to vary as propel applications require when the vehicle turns a corner.
You don’t have to choose between high pressure drops and uneven loading, HydraForce has a better answer!
- Balances motor torque – extending component life
- Reduces the size of your components – saving cost
- Is a simple all-hydraulic solution – requires no electronics
- Operates automatically, on-demand – requires no operator intervention
- Reduces heat buildup – reduce/eliminate cooling systems
- Improves efficiency – smaller engine
Click on the tabs below to learn more about HTD Torque Divider valves
Get More InformationClick the links below to explore technical and sales literature on Hydraulic Torque Divider
Download The HTD Bulletin
Download The HTD Brochure
View HTD10-40 Catalog Page
View HTD Proving Manifold 2WD Catalog Page
View HTD Proving Manifold 4WD Catalog Page
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HOW WE DO IT—
The HTD is an internally piloted pressure reducing/relieving valve. It was developed primarily to address two problems in typical drive circuits that rely on flow dividers for traction control.
Efficiency: HydraForce makes very accurate flow dividers, but the accuracy relies on significant margin pressure. The margin pressure is a net energy waste. In addition, accuracy can suffer at low system flows.
Steering differential: Flow dividers provide equal flow to two circuit legs. A turning vehicle requires differential flows to each wheel. Therefore flow divider circuits require an inefficient bypass or slip orifice.
The HTD approaches the issue in a completely different way.
A series motor configuration provides the primary means of traction control—it keeps all the motors turning. Situated between the two series motors, the HTD allows a small flow into or out of the circuit allowing the motors to turn at different speeds. An internal pressure divider network pilots the valve to half the total system pressure, equally dividing the effective torque. Alternative ratios, other than 50/50, are possible.
Control Torque not Flow
You want all the motors in the circuit to equally share the load. The HydraForce HTD HyPerformance Torque Divider performs the balancing act.It’s a pressure control so it manages motor torque: not flow. Applied between two series motors, it balances the pressure drop across each motor. This achieves efficient torque division regardless of variation in motor speed.
Accommodate Turning Differential
Flow dividers ensure equal wheel speed regardless of traction. This is not always the performance you want from a traction control. When the vehicle turns, the inside wheels negotiate a shorter distance than the outside wheels in the same amount of time. Because both series and parallel (when using flow dividers) arrangements always pass equal flow, this leads to either wheel scuffing that damages both turf and tires, or cavitation as the outside wheel exceeds the flow available.
In a vehicle propel circuit, the HTD valve is sized to accommodate only the flow difference between motors when the vehicle is cornering. Driving straight on even terrain, the valve passes no flow. When the vehicle turns a corner, the valve passes a small relief flow, or makeup flow to accommodate the difference in inside/outside wheel speed. Traditional flow dividers must pass flow for the whole drive circuit and this requires larger components.
Keep it Cool
Flow dividers are restrictive flow controls that operate at the cost of pressure drop and they add heat to the system. Using a HydraForce HTD Torque Divider eliminates the restriction and heat buildup.
A 100 lpm (26 gpm) four-wheel drive system requires two flow dividers for traction control. These flow dividers do a good job of ensuring all the wheels keep turning, but will consume 3.3 kW (4.4 hp) at full drive speed. This power loss gets converted to heat in the system. Hydrostatic drives always generate heat, but if you can eliminate 3.3 kilowatts (almost 5 horsepower) from your cooling system load, that is significant.
Studies have shown that flow dividers in a hydrostatic drive circuit are the largest energy wasters in the system. In fact, a 26 gallon per minute four-wheel hydrostatic drive with flow dividers can waste nearly 5 horsepower operating the flow dividers. This energy does not propel the vehicle, and it must be removed from the system. This also contributes to the knock-on inefficiencies of a larger oil reservoir, larger engine, and energy to drive cooling fans.
HTD10-40The HTD10-40 regulates to half the total pressure drop. Alternative ratios are possible.
HTD10-E50 (patent pending)The five-ported HTD10-E50 includes an internal pilot relief that allows the pilot ratio to change as circuit
pressure increases, such as when the vehicle is driving up a hill.
Two Wheel DriveThis pre-designed manifold is available for proving two-wheel drive systems or systems with two series motors. You can easily add to a test vehicle with a few basic plumbing connections. Built for operation with two hydraulic motors in series, one HTD10-40 provides torque control, an adjustable HFR10-32A limits slip in extreme low traction conditions, while four check valves allow bi-directional operation.
Four Wheel DriveThis pre-designed manifold is available for proving four-wheel drive systems. You can easily add to a test vehicle with a few basic plumbing connections. Built for operation with four wheel cross-over drive configurations (FR-RL/FL-RR), two HTD10-40s provide torque control, one for each parallel section, two adjustable HFR10-32As limit slip in extreme low traction conditions, while four check valves allow bi-directional operation.